5 Tips to Read Textbooks More Effectively

  1. Engage in Active Reading
    Stay focused and get involved in your reading. Read the review questions then actively seek out the answers to them within the text. Gather information and access that information critically. By using this technique of active reading, you are storing the information you find in your long-term memory.
  2. Increase Your Concentration
    There are a couple of ways to increase your concentration. First, find a quiet place to study. This can be an empty classroom or a quiet bookstore. Second, make a study date. This means that you should clear your schedule to avoid potential distractions. Lastly, let others know your plans. Your friends and family are less likely to intrude on you when they know you're busy studying. Putting a 'Do Not Disturb' sign on your door may help.
  3. Manage Your Time
    Do not over-extend yourself. Don't try to read, say, all 300 pages of your assigned reading in one sitting. Break down your reading assignment into smaller sections and schedule times (study dates) to read them. This makes the whole process a lot less overwhelming and a lot more manageable.
  4. Keep an Eye Out for Signal Words
    Signal words are cues within the text that should be treated as 'red flags'. These cues let us know that the following material is important and should be paid attention to. Some signal words and phrases include: 'Key Features', 'especially relevant', 'a significant factor', 'noteworthy', and 'of primary concern'.
  5. Start With Difficult Material
    Always start with the most difficult material. You will have the most energy at the beginning of your studies; this is the perfect time to get the hard stuff out of the way. Difficult material is also good to read over more than once. So if you read it at the beginning of your studies, then again at the end; you will have a much better chance at remembering that material. Also, reading out loud id known to help make difficult concepts more clear.

Add a Special Notice to Your Joomla 1.6 Site in a Module

Have you ever wanted to put a little notice on your web site, temporarily, that just announces something? For instance, maybe you want to announce that your book will be released in May so you can pre-order it in April. How do you go about doing that?
Log into the Joomla backend.
Click on the Module Manager or select Module Manager from the Extensions menu item.
The Details Section
--Click on the New icon, which is an orange plus sign.
--Select Custom HTML, about mid way through the options.
--Enter a title in the title field.
--Click Show or Hide the title. If you hit Show, the exact text your put in above will be the title field for the module.
--Select the position for the module. If you know what position you want, just type it in. If you do not, then click on Select position. If you use the Select position button, then click on the drop-down menu on the right-hand side for Select Template. Scroll through until you find the correct module and select it. If you still aren't sure what position you need, try running this command.

--Make sure the module is published.
--Make the access Public.
--Skip Ordering for now. It's easier to order the items when you're looking at a list of all of the modules.
--Put in the day to start publishing this module. In this example, you'd want to put in March 1.
--Put in the finish publishing date. In this example, it would be March 31.
--The note field is for you. The text will show up in the module manager, but users of your web site will not see it.
The custom output section
--Type your notice in the editor section. The editor that shows up will be the editor assigned in the user profile you logged in with. Most editors have an icon you can click on to get into the source code, or HTML. Often the button just says "Source," but sometimes it might say HTML or have a less than and greater than sign.
The Menu Assignment Section
--Decide where you want the module to show up. If you're not sure, set the module assignment to "On all pages." Joomla 1.6 has the new feature that you can select "all pages except the ones selected." Or, perhaps you only want the notice on the home page.
Click Save and refresh your website.
Put the module in the correct order
After you hit save, you'll be back in the module manager. One of the columns is called Position. Click on the word Position, and the items in the list will be sorted by the position they are in. The triangle to the side indicates if the order is ascending or descending. Look at the modules in the position your new module is in. Are they in the correct order?
If you want to change the order, click on the word Ordering at the top of the next column. A tiny diskette will appear next to the word Ordering, and little up and down arrows will appear in the columns. Use the arrows to move the modules into the correct order. Alternatively, you can type the order numbers into the text box. When done, click on the little diskette to save the order.
Refresh your website and verify it is correct.

Cost vs Value of Commercial Photography

Organizations hiring professional photographers for taking photographs of the corporate premises and industrial setup, calculate the cost towards out sourcing the photographic assignment. They generally call for 3 or 4 quotes/proposals from the local or domestic professional photographers for the assignment. In case, of international projects, companies may rely on advertising agencies to co-ordinate the photo-shoot assignments.
It is always easier to calculate the cost of hiring a professional photographer, which is generally mentioned in the formal proposal. Along with this basic costing, organizations have to also take into account the costs towards travel, lodging and boarding of the photographer along with his team. In case of multiple locations spread throughout a nation, the scheduling and timing of the availability of the local factory manager/staff, assisting staff and logistics have to be planned well in advance, so that there are not last-minute unpleasant surprises.
Value of Commercial Photography
Calculating the value of commercial photography is far more complex than arriving at a simple tangible figure for the costing factor. How valuable is the photography? There are several probable answers to this query.
One of the answers to this query is a yet another question: What is the end usage of the digital photographs captured? There are several applications for high quality digital images, to name a few: corporate collaterals like brochures, catalogs, banners, indoor and outdoor hoardings as well as other promotional materials like pamphlets. The same images can be used by the organization for the digital media like websites, blogs, Social Media Optimization (SMO) etc.
With several usages of the digital images, the photographic assignment becomes important and its value increases. Photographs that are captured with state of the art equipment along with through knowledge of an ace photographer gives a distinct edge over any other option, that although seems to be time and money saving in short-term, can prove to be an expensive mistake in long-term.
Another factor, in calculating the value of the commercial photography is the time and efforts required by a staff member who is an enthusiastic "amateur" photographer armed with just a point and shoot camera to capture the entire facilities of the organization. The resulting images will in any case be amateurish and not convey the appropriate corporate identity as envisaged by the top management.
As a professional photographer, you need to convince and educate the clients on the all importance of hiring a professional with years of experience and expertise in the field of photography. The end results will always be justified in terms of value addition to the company's corporate identity and overall corporate image in their clients and customer's minds.